ADOLESCENT BEHAVIOR ISSUES

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How mental illness is diagnosed

DSM V Diagnosis is used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, the criteria are concise and explicit, intended to facilitate an objective assessment of symptom presentations in a variety of clinical settings—inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, consultation-liaison, clinical, private practice, and primary care.

*This information is credited to the American Psychiatric Association. 

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What is adolescent behavior?

A personality disorder is defined as a pervasive pattern of "inner experience and behavior" that is deviant from a person's cultural norms. These may be deviations in thoughts, emotionality, interpersonal relatedness, and impulse control. Deviations in any of the above aspects need to be pervasive, stable, present at least since adolescence, and not due to substances or another mental disorder. Importantly, these ways of thinking, feeling, or behaving need to be significantly distressful and problematic.
 

The second aspect involves defining what type of personality disorder is present. DSM-IV currently lists ten: paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, narcissistic, antisocial, borderline, histrionic, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive, with a catch-all "not otherwise specified category". Each personality disorder had a certain number of criteria, to which you must meet an artificial cut-off. So to be Borderline, for example, you need to have five symptoms out of nine possible symptoms such as: self-harming, unstable relationships, fear of real/imagined abandonment, impulsivity, identity disturbance, etc.

*This information is credited to the American Psychiatric Association. 

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National Hotlines

National Drug & Alcohol Treatment Hotline
800-662-HELP

National Domestic Violence Hotline
800-799-7233

National Child Abuse Hotline
800-4-A-CHILD

National Adolescent Suicide Hotline
800-621-4000 

Suicide & Crisis Hotline
800-999-9999


Mental Health InfoSource
800-447-4474

Missing & Exploited Children Hotline
800-843-5678
 

Local Hotlines